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Auto Chronology >Auto History from Oliver Evans to Karl Benz

Automotive History and Timeline from Oliver Evans to Karl Benz


Oliver Evans:

Oliver Evans
  • Oliver Evans was born in 13 September 1775 at Newport Delaware.
  • He called himself a millwright.
  • He built the first automatic mill on Red Clay Creek in Delaware in 1789.
  • Patent of a high pressure steam powered land vehicle was granted to Oliver Evans in 1789.
  • Oliver Evans also invented textile industry tools and milling equipment. textile industry tools and milling equipment
  • He published two books; “The Young Mill-Wright and Miller’s Guide” and “The Young Steam Engineers’ Guide”.
  • Oliver Evans also designed a refrigeration machine run on vapor, although he never built one.
  • He built Oruktor Amphibolos (30 ft long, 15 tons scow and a 5 hp engine) for the purpose of cleaning dockyards in 1805.
  • In 1811 he founded Pittsburgh Steam Engine Company.
    Pittsburgh Steam Engine
  • He was a pioneer of the American Industrialization.
  • Oliver Evans was the first visionary to describe a railroad network covering the entire country.

  • 1824: Timothy Burstall and John Hill’s steam coach.
  • 1826:Samuel Brown’s gas vacuum engine
  • 1828: Marcel Pecquer’s steam carriage
  • 1840:128 miles travelling by Francis Hill’s steam coach.
  • 1862: Etienne Lenoir’s first stroke gas engine vehicle.

Locomotive Highway Act (Red Flag Act))

  • 1865: The Locomotive on Highways Act was passed by the British Government. It was known as Red Flag Act, too. Red Flag Act was intended to regulate heavy engines on roads. It required three persons for each and every locomotive on road. It also set speed limits (4mph country and 2mph in towns)
  • First one – Walk with red flag ahead of locomotive.
  • Second one – To steer locomotive.
  • Third one – To stoke the engine.
  • 1873: Amedee Bollee of Le Mans, France, ran his 12 seater steam vehicle L’Obeissante (The Obedient) between La Mans and Paris.

Amendee Bollee :

  • A bell founder of Le Mans, France.
  • In 1873, he manufactured his first steam vehicle.
  • In 1875,his L’Obeissante (The Obedient) ran between Le Mans and Paris with 12 passengers within 18 hours, L’Obeissante had speed of 30 km/h and the top speed measured at 40 km/h.
    Le Mans and Paris
  • Two V-twin steam engines, an efficient elliptical cam steering system and independent front suspension were used in L’Obeissante.
  • The original vehicle is preserved at Conservatoire National des Arts Metiers in Paris.
  • In 1878, Amedee designed Mancelle for series production with rear wheel drive and independent suspension on all four wheels which is preserved at Musee de Automobile de la Sarthe.
  • Amedee applied technique of power transmission to the rear wheel via driveshaft and chains from rear front mounted engine in Marie-Anne.
  • Marie-Anne was capable of towing 35 tons of cargo and had a three-speed gearbox.
  • In 1881 La Rapide was built with a top speed of 62 km/h with single operator.
  • 1875: An Austrian named Siegfried Markus claimed the title of “inventor of the motor car”
  • 1877: An American George B. Selden applied for a patent of powered road vehicle.
  • 1877:Otto and Langen Company of Germany, Deutz, got patent of a four-stroke internal-combustion, high speed petrol engine.
  • 1882: Gottlib Daimler and Wilhem Maybach had left from Otto and Langen Company to set up on their own automotive company named Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft.
  • First Four Wheeled Petrol Car

  • 1884/1885/1886/1887: Daimler and Wilhelm together invented small, high speed engine and subsequently fitted it to a two-wheeler, to a stagecoach and to a boat.
  • “Cannstatt-Daimler” the first four wheeled petrol-driven car with four stroke engine was built by Maybach and Daimler at Cannstatt in 1886.
  • Karl Benz of Mannheim “inventor of motor car” built a two-seater tricycle with belt drive, surface carburetor, electric ignition and a four-stroke gas engine.
  • Karl Benz sold his improved car to Emile Roger of Paris in 1887.
  • Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie. Merged to become Daimler-Benz AG in 1926.
  • Andre Michelin of France produced the first pneumatic car tire in 1885.
Karl Benz


  • “ Inventor of the Motor Car” was born in 25th November 1844 at Baden Mohlburg (Karlsruhe),Germany.
  • He got education from Karlsruhe University.
  • A German mechanical engineer.
  • He married with Bertha Ringer. She was his real motivator. Karl Benz and Bertha Ringer
  • He founded a company with Augest Ritter “Iron Foundry and Mechanic Shop” in 1871 for supply of building materials.
  • He founded his automobile company “Benz & Company Rheinische Gasmotoren -Fabrik” with Max Rose and Fredric Wilhelm.
  • Karl Benz started work on motor carriage “Benz Patent Motorwagon” based on Nicolaus Otto’s patent.
  • Benz created model “Victoria”in 1893, model “Velo”in 1894 and first truck in 1895 and most famous Boxer engine in1896.
    Victoria car


  • Three wheel.
    Three wheel
  • Tubular steel frame.
  • Front wheel was for steering and balancing.
  • Rear wheels received the power by a pulley and a belt that were attached with transmission shaft.
  • Water cooling by water jacket around cylinder.
  • Driven by vapor of ligroin or benzene.
  • Electric ignition.
  • Four stock horizontally mounted engine (0.9 PS engine)
  • A 958 cc, 0.75 hp, 600 w, 16 km/h engine
  • Differential rear and gears
  • First test drive in Mannheim in 1885
  • Patented in 29th January 1886
  • Birth certificate of motorcar is DRP 37435
  • Bertha drove Benz Patent Motorwagon model-3 for 65 miles (Mannheim to Pforzheim) with her two children namely Eugan and Richard in august 1888 for publicity.
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